Influence of Posttraumatic Growth on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Refugees in Nairobi County, Kenya


Most refugees have frequently been subjected to a variety of potentially traumatic events, which have a wide range of negative consequences for their mental health and quality of life. However, some have also reported positive personal changes, and post-traumatic growth related to these potentially distressing events. This study was restricted only to Nairobi County, which accommodates most of the urban refugees in Kenya (UNHCR, 2020). The study used a simple random sampling technique for the quantitative strand and purposive/convenient sampling technique for the qualitative strand to select respondents. A sample of 133 respondents, which was determined using Yamane’s formula, was selected. Quantitative data were collected using standardized questionnaires; the 21-item posttraumatic growth inventory (PTGI) and 20-item Posttraumatic stress disorder checklist (PCL-5). This study adopted the embedded mixed method research design by combining correlational and phenomenological research design. The study revealed a weak negative relationship between Posttraumatic stress disorder and posttraumatic growth (p˂ 0.01, r = -.319).This implies, as individual who had gone through traumatizing experience progress in posttraumatic growth, the level of post-traumatic stress disorder decreases with time. This indicates that continuous psychological and psychosocial assistance are considered as coping skills that facilitate posttraumatic growth.




Coping skills, Influence, Posttraumatic Stress disorder, Post traumatic growth, Refugees, Nairobi County, Kenya


Usunobun, H.A., Asatsa, S. & Macharia, E. (2021). Influence of posttraumatic growth on posttraumatic stress disorder among refugees in Nairobi County, Kenya. Journal of Research Innovation and Implication in Education, 5(3), 26 - 37.